Most people think of "chastity" as something negative - NOT doing something (bad). And that is certainly a dimension of chastity. Chastity means regulating one's sexual capacity in the right way, by keeping it in the context of marriage, and doing sex the way it is meant to be done, i.e., in a way that produces true marital union, a true marital act.
But, apart from NOT doing things that are wrong, chastity involves -- because it is a real virtue -- doing something right. In fact, the word "virtue" in Greek is the same as the word for "excellence." So "virtuous, chaste sex" is "excellent marital sex."
So what is this positive dimension?
Perfect chastity means especially the perfecting of my love for my spouse and the complete orientation of my sexual activity (thoughts, words, actions) toward that love of her.
This involves seeing my sexual activity in its broadest framework, the framework of my whole life of love for and intimacy with my spouse. And this includes not only our affectionate dealings with each other, and our marital sex, but also the fruitfulness of that love, which takes form especially in the children it has brought into life and educated. Men especially tend to look at sex as a particular act, and they have trouble looking beyond that particular act. Often, they focus on only its physical aspects, instead of seeing that individual act of marital lovemaking as embodying the entire life he shares with his wife, as expressing the fullness of his marital relationship in the course of their entire life together.
A Simple Comparison
Think about having a meal with some friends. Now imagine a person who focuses his attention solely on the food, and doesn't pay any attention to the friends with whom he is having the meal. Wouldn't that be "off" - somehow out of whack?
Even if, let's say, he were to buy the meal for everyone and he also very sincerely hoped that they were enjoying their food as much as he was enjoying his, but he still spends the entire meal simply focusing on, being absorbed in, the delight of his own food, wouldn't that be weird? Don't we see that a person sharing a meal with friends has to be focused on those friends, not just the good food. In fact, I think we could say that he should be primarily focused on his friends, while at the same time enjoying the food as part of this "sharing" of himself with our friends. The primary focus should be on them, because people are much more important than food. We need food, of course, but that need doesn't make the food "better than" or "higher than" or "more important than" the sharing the meal with our friends.
Well, the same thing is true of marital sex. (Actually, it's even truer -- because we don't share the same food when we eat with friends, while we do share our own bodies in marital lovemaking.) We should certainly enjoy the physical delights of sexual activity, just as we should enjoy the delights of good food. But what matters most is the person -- our sharing of ourselves in a deep and intimate way with this person to whom we have given ourselves completely for life, and from whom we receive the gift of her life.
"Forgiveness" and Male Marital Sexuality
As in every aspect of life, the personal qualities of a person have a significant impact on the way he (or she) lives his (or her) sexual life. I will talk more about temperance below, for example, but for now I want to point out that the quality of marital sexuality will be deeply affected by spouses' commitment to forgiveness.
This is important, first, because it removes obstacles to the full self-giving in the sexual act. If one is focused on past resentments, that will undermine the spiritual unity that needs to precede the physical unity. I think women, in particular, need to struggle with this facet of sexual life. (As it is said, women forgive, but they never forget!)
For men, this takes especially the form of "forgiving" their spouses for not wanting physical sex as much as they do. In fact, more accurately this is really "understanding" rather than forgiving -- for the wife hasn't done anything wrong -- but in a husband's psychology built-up resentments over time are likely to be thought of as wrongs committed against him. It is best if he understands that these aren't wrongs -- they are mostly a manifestation of a very different feminine sexual psychology -- but it will be a big help to him if he can simply "forgive" her for being different.
That may sound unreasonable (certainly it will to a lot of women), but it may be important for a man to be able to do this. And it is not easy to do so, by any means, given the compulsion of the sexual urge in many men.
A Little Morality Tale
A husband & wide die in their old age and both appear before God.
The husband holds out his hands and says "here is my gift to You, Lord. My wife never wanted to perform a particular sexual act I really wanted to do with her. And she didn't want to have sex very often (as least by my standards of "often"). But I tried to understand that she was just different from me, and tried to be cheerful and grateful to You for the wonderful gift she was to me."
The wife holds our her hands and says "here are the sexual acts I had no desire to do, but did for him. And I had sex with him so much more often than I wanted to. But I tried to understand that he was just different from me, and I tried to be cheerful and grateful to you for the wonderful gift he was to me."
And God was pleased, and said "Both of you -- enter together into the joy of Your Master."